What Do Snails Eat?

What Do Snails Eat?

If you are planning to have a pet snail, then first you must know what do snails eat. We know that snails are a diverse, small group of animals that belongs to different species. For beginner snail-master, this guide on what do snails eat as pets guide will help to keep them at your home. What a snail eats mostly depends upon the type of the snail and where they live. Here, I have included food preferences for different species of snails such as land, sea, and freshwater snails. Let’s now find out what do snails eat based on their types.

What Do Snails Eat?

Snails feed on a variety of food items found in their natural habitat. But it is extremely important to first know what do snails eat in an aquarium! For your pet snail, I have listed down a few options that you can consider for feeding them in an aquarium.

  • Algae
  • Decomposing plants
  • Dead fish
  • Dandelion greens
  • Cabbage 
  • Raw or cooked lettuce
  • Raw or cooked zucchini
  • Raw or cooked cucumbers
  • Raw or cooked carrots
  • Raw or cooked kale
  • Slow-sinking fish pellets
  • Bloodworms
  • Brine shrimp
  • Feeder snails
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Cyanobacteria 
  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Cherries
  • Ripe pears
  • Peach
  • Plum
  • Strawberry 

Note: Before feeding any of the above food items, make sure you figure out if your snail is carnivorous, herbivorous, or omnivorous.

Solid Food For Snail

In the above section, you got a clear idea of what do snails eat for food. Snails enjoy eating different varieties of food items. Here, I have listed down some other food items that your pet snail will love to eat!

  • Oats
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Lily
  • Carnation
  • Hibiscus

Food For Baby Snail

Baby snails do not need any special care when they are born. They’ll eat whatever an adult snail eats! You can feed the same food items to baby snails but in greater amounts. Also, make sure you feed them twice a day. This will help them to strengthen their shells faster.

After the aquarium, let’s now find out what do snails eat outside in our next section.

Food For Snail In Wild

The eating habits of snails depend on their species. These little creatures are picky about the food they eat. But once you find out what do snails eat in the wild, it will be easier to feed them.

Here is the list of foods snails in wild commonly prefer to eat.

  • Green leaves
  • Grasses
  • Flowers
  • Dead or alive plants
  • Animal waste
  • Grains
  • Worms
  • Insects
  • Crop fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Mushrooms
  • Tree bark
  • Stems
  • Eggshells
  • Own baby eggs
  • Fungi
  • Rotting vegetation

You can keep on reading further to know what do snails eat in the ocean.

Food For Snail In Ocean

Most sea or ocean-dwelling snails feed on plant material formed over rocks, sediment, and reefs. Below, I have listed down the best food items for feeding an ocean snail in an aquarium.

  • Algae tablets
  • Alginate
  • Crushed shells
  • Calcium supplements
  • Live clams
  • Brine shrimp
  • Feeder snails
  • Slow-sinking fish foods
  • Worms
  • Other snails
  • Seaweed
  • Barnacles

Food For Snail In Pond

Here, you will get to know what do snails eat in a pond. The diet of pond snails is similar to the diet of freshwater snails. You can feed these tiny creatures the following list of food items.

  • Water hyacinth
  • Water lettuce
  • Bladderworts
  • Duckweeds
  • Anacharis
  • Insects and insect larvae
  • Worms
  • Cucumbers
  • Zucchini
  • Kale
  • Berries and berry leaves
  • Naturally-forming macroalgae
  • Benthic microalgae
  • Cyanobacteria
  • Large-leaf foliage
  • Terrestrial flowers
  • Feeder snails
  • Water fleas

Where Do Snails Live?

Generally, snails live in the upper leaf litter of forests, old fields, and wetlands. You can find land snails in active gardens, fields, river banks, suburbs, and sometimes even in cities.

How Long Do Snails Live?

Typically, the lifespan of a wild snail is two to five years. There are also some larger species around the world that could possibly live up to fifteen years.

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How Long Can A Snail Go Without Eating?

Garden snails can survive for many weeks without food, provided that they are kept dry and are able to seal themselves to a surface. It is called “aestivation”. They shut down in dry conditions; they do the same in winter (hibernation), but only if it is cold. Indoors, this is unlikely to happen.

What Do Snails And Drink?

Snails need water to survive like all animals. Usually, snails get their water intake from the food they eat. Snails feed on juicy leaves which are filled with water. Moreover, snails will also drink water from small puddles on leaves or on the ground.

How Often Do Snails Drink Water?

While they do require feeding and watering at least every other day, they are easy to take care of if you understand what they need. It is possible to keep a snail alive for anywhere between five to several years as a pet providing you take care of them.

Do Snails Eat Bananas?

Yes, they love banana. But keep in mind they have a high sugar content. Your snail friends should definitely be eating more vegetables than high sugar foods.


In my above article, I have discussed what do snails eat in the world! Most snail species are omnivores and very few are strictly carnivorous or herbivorous. Baby snails must be fed twice a day while they are still growing. However, juvenile snails need plenty of calcium for their shell development. Once they become adult snails, you can feed them algae, plants, or grains. You can also feed them fungi, rotten vegetables, worms, seaweed, small fish, and other snails too. Make sure you choose accordingly from the foods I have mentioned in my above article on what do snails eat.

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Janet Brown

Altaf Shaikh is the QuerClubs bestselling author of They Both Die at the End, More Happy Than Not, and History Is All You Left Me and—together with Becky Albertalli—coauthor of What If It’s Us. He was named a Publishers Weekly Flying Start. Adam was born and raised in the Bronx. He was a bookseller before shifting to children’s publishing and has worked at a literary development company and a creative writing website for teens and as a book reviewer of children’s and young adult novels. He is tall for no reason and lives in Pune.