What Is The Difference Between Kinetic And Potential Energy?

What Is The Difference Between Kinetic And Potential Energy?

If you were searching for what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy, then you have come to the right place. You will find all the exact answers that you are looking for. I am going to tell you every difference between kinetic energy and potential energy in detail. So stay here without skipping any of the important points that I will describe further. So let us begin to read about what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy without wasting any single minute.

What Is The Difference Between Kinetic And Potential Energy?

The important point is what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy is the motion and the position. We find kinetic and potential energies are related as energy can be stored, converted, and not be destroyed. However, there are many differences in both potential energy and kinetic energy.

Let us move further where I will tell you the meaning of kinetic and potential energy in detail.

What Is Kinetic Energy?

Kinetic energy can be defined as it is the form of the energy in a system or body or object by the virtue of its motion. When some object is in motion then it has kinetic energy, this is also called momentum. The two forms of kinetic energy can be called transitional and rotational. The amount of kinetic energy depends upon the speed of the object in motion.

What Is Potential Energy?

Potential energy is defined as it is energy that is stored in a system or object due to its position. The potential form of energy can be converted into kinetic form. Potential energy can be in different forms such as elastic, gravitational, chemical, nuclear, radiant, and thermal. This amount of energy is depending upon the position of the object in the field. 

Below I have described very important points of what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy. Let’s see it.

Difference Between Definitions

The definition of both kinetic and potential energy is given in the following. You will find the answer of what is the difference in biological organisms between potential and kinetic energy after reading further.

  • Kinetic Energy

The energy in which there is a motion of the body or particles in the system is defined as kinetic energy.

  • Potential Energy

Potential energy is defined as the energy that is held in a body or system as a result of its location or position.

Relativity Difference

Let us see the what is the difference between potential and kinetic energy relativity.

  • Kinetic Energy

The kinetic energy is relative to the motion of the object or body in a system. There may be other objects that are moving and stationary in the system, related to the moving body or object.

  • Potential Energy

The word potential says everything of the potential energy. However, potential energy is relative to the position of the object in a system. You will be able to see Venn diagram gravitational potential energy similarities kinetic energy on the website to understand relativity. The potential energy can be transferred into kinetic energy depending upon some factors. 

Now you must have got another question what are the factors related to energies, isn’t it? Don’t worry just scroll further so you will know about them.

Difference Of Factors

There are some of the factors that help us to determine the what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy. We will see them quickly in the following.

  • Kinetic Energy

The factors for determining kinetic energy are speed or velocity and mass. Change in the given factors changes the kinetic energy as it is moving.

  • Potential Energy

In the determination of the potential energy factors such as height or distance and mass are responsible. Potential energy is stored hence it is in a resting position.

The SI unit for the potential energy and kinetic energy is Joule however, there are different formulae for both. Let us see what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy formulas.

The Different Formulas Of Kinetic And Potential Energy

Here is the formula to determine the kinetic energy and potential energy in detail. You will come to know what is the relationship between potential energy and gravity? and different terms.

  • Kinetic Energy

The formula is KE = 1/2MV2  

Where M indicates the Mass of the body

V denotes the velocity (speed) of the object or the body

  • Potential Energy

The formula is PE = mgh

Where m denotes the mass of the object or the body

g is the acceleration due to gravity

h is the height (position) of the body

Examples

We will see what is the difference between potential and kinetic energy give an example of each in the following.

  • Kinetic Energy

Kinetic energy is divided into three main types as rotational kinetic energy, vibrational kinetic energy, and translational kinetic energy which are commonly known. Some of the examples of them are as follows: 

  • The windmill when its blades rotate due to wind is the rotational kinetic energy. 
  • When speakers produce sounds and vibration is the vibrational kinetic energy. 
  • An example of translation kinetic energy is water flowing in one direction.

Now lets see an example about Potential Energy

  • Potential Energy

The potential energy has different types such as gravitational, elastic, chemical, nuclear, radiant, electrical, etc. A few examples are given below to know what is the difference between potential energy and kinetic energy in chemistry and physics.

  • An amount of the energy required to keep an object on the shelf holds gravitational potential energy, as the object is affected due to its position where gravity is involved. You are now able to guess is gravitational energy potential or kinetic according to its type.
  • The chemical substance has chemical potential energy in it, as when reacting with other substances there may be chemical changes and reactions.
  • The potential energy transformed into kinetic energy examples are the elastic potential energy can be seen when an elastic rubber is in a rest position and afterward stretched develops some energy.

FAQ

What Is The Difference Between Kinetic & Potential Energy?

The difference between kinetic and potential energy is relative to the motion and position of the body. In kinetic energy body or object is in motion, whereas in potential energy body or object holds energy in it depending upon the location or position of the body.

What Is The Difference Between Kinetic Energy And Potential Energy Explain With Example?

The difference in kinetic energy and potential energy is the motion of the body and position of the body respectively. For example, water falling from a waterfall has kinetic energy while water stored on the top of the mountain has potential energy.

What Is The Difference Between Kinetic And Potential Energy Quizlet?

The difference between kinetic and potential energy in Quizlet can be answered by understanding the object whether it is moving or stationary.

What Is Potential And Kinetic Energy Examples?

Here is some example of potential and kinetic energy.

  • A sponge kept in a squeezed form is an example of potential energy.
  • The balloon filled with air holds potential energy.
  • Ship sailing in a forwarding direction in the water is an example of kinetic energy.
  • Fan rotating in a circular motion is due to kinetic energy.

What Was The First Form Of Energy?

What was the first source of energy? Energy has been around since the dawn of time. The first source of energy was the sun, as it provided heat and light during the day. People rose and slept with the light, relied on wood and dung burning for heat, and water power to generate basic mills.

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Conclusion

While reading what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy in the above you understood many important points. I told you about the meaning and definition of potential and kinetic energy in simple words. You are now knowing the main differences such as relativity, SI unit, factors, etc related to kinetic and potential forms of energy

I explained some of the common questions that may have come to your mind while discussing this article. Now you have an overall idea about what is the difference between kinetic and potential energy and can go through it again whenever needed.

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Janet Brown

Altaf Shaikh is the QuerClubs bestselling author of They Both Die at the End, More Happy Than Not, and History Is All You Left Me and—together with Becky Albertalli—coauthor of What If It’s Us. He was named a Publishers Weekly Flying Start. Adam was born and raised in the Bronx. He was a bookseller before shifting to children’s publishing and has worked at a literary development company and a creative writing website for teens and as a book reviewer of children’s and young adult novels. He is tall for no reason and lives in Pune.